“An extremely powerful earthquake struk Lisbon in the morning of November 1st, 1755. This was a disaster of inconceivable proportions that shocked Europe. The event even inspired Voltaire’s Candide. Musically speaking the destruction of the Royal Palace near Tagus River also destroyed the grand Opera house – the “Ópera do Tejo” – and the music library housed at one of the towers that was begun by King John IV (the first part of its catalogue survives from 1649) and augmented by the following kings….”
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Source : Lisbon Earthquake, November 1st 1755